Ibiciro by'amabuye y'icyuma birashobora guhinduka mu ntangiriro za 2022

Muri 2021, ibiciro byamabuye yicyuma bizazamuka kandi bigabanuke, kandi ihindagurika ryibiciro rizarenga kubiteganijwe nabakozi benshi.Abashinzwe inganda bavuze ko imikorere idahwitse y’isoko ry’amabuye y'agaciro ishobora kuba ihame.

Isoko ryamabuye yicyuma rizahinduka mumwaka wa 2021

Mu ntangiriro za 2021, mu gihe cy’Umwaka Mushya n’Iserukiramuco, amasosiyete menshi y’ibyuma yuzuza umutungo w’ibyuma, icyifuzo cy’amabuye y'icyuma kirarekurwa, kandi igiciro cyakomeje kwiyongera.Mu mpera z'igihembwe cya mbere, bitewe n’igitutu cy’ibicuruzwa bikabije muri Tangshan, ibiciro by’amabuye y'agaciro byahindutse kandi biragabanuka.Ku ya 25 Werurwe, igiciro cy’amabuye y’icyuma yatumijwe mu mahanga cyari $ 192.37 / toni, cyamanutseho $ 6.28 / toni mu mpera zicyumweru gishize.

Mu gihembwe cya kabiri, ubwiyongere bw'umusaruro w'amasosiyete y'ibyuma hanze ya Tangshan bwujuje icyuho cyaturutse muri Tangshan, kandi umusaruro w'icyuma cy'ingurube wiyongereye kuruta uko byari byitezwe.Cyane cyane nyuma yitariki ya 1 Gicurasi, ibiciro byisoko ryubwoko bwumukara byazamutse vuba, kandi ibiciro byubwoko bwinshi byanditseho amateka hejuru yundi.62% Igiciro cyambere cyibicuruzwa byatumijwe mu mahanga byazamutse bigera ku gipimo cyo hejuru ya 233.7 US $ / toni.Nyuma yibyo, binyuze mumabwiriza ya politiki, igiciro cyisoko ryubwoko bwumukara cyaragabanutse cyane, kandi igiciro cyisoko ryamabuye yicyuma cyahindutse buhoro buhoro.Ku ya 8 Gicurasi, igiciro cy'ifu nziza yo mu gihugu cyari 1450 Yuan / toni;ku ya 14 Gicurasi, yazamutse igera kuri 1570 Yuan / toni;ku ya 28 Gicurasi, yagabanutse kugera kuri 1450 Yuan / toni.

Mu gihembwe cya gatatu, bitewe n’izamuka ry’ibiciro by’ibyuma n’imihindagurikire y’imiterere mu ibarura, igipimo cy’imikorere y’itanura ry’ibisasu mu ruganda rw’ibyuma cyiyongereye, isoko ry’isoko ry’amabuye y'icyuma ryarekuwe, kandi ibiciro byahindutse ku rwego rwo hejuru kandi byazamutseho gato.Kugeza ku ya 27 Kanama, igiciro cya 61.5% yifu ya PB ku cyambu cya Qingdao cyari 1.040 yuan / toni, kikaba cyiyongereyeho 25 yu / toni kuva mu cyumweru gishize.

Icyakora, hamwe n’ukwiyongera kw’ibikorwa by’umusaruro no kugabanuka kw’uruganda rukora ibyuma, umusaruro w’ingurube wagabanutse vuba, ubutare bw’ibyuma bwaragabanutse, kandi ibiciro byagabanutse vuba.Kugeza ku ya 10 Nzeri, igiciro cya 61.5% cya poro ya PB ku cyambu cya Qingdao cyari 970 yuan / toni, cyamanutseho 50 / toni ugereranije n’icyumweru gishize.Nyuma yibyo, igiciro cyifu ya PB ya 61% ku cyambu cya Qingdao cyaragabanutse kugera kuri 500 Yuan / toni, maze buhoro buhoro cyinjira mu cyiciro cyo gushakisha hasi.

Kwinjira mu gihembwe cya kane, isoko ryamabuye y'icyuma ryarimo ubunebwe kandi ryoroheje, hamwe no kugabanuka kw'ibicuruzwa no gucuruza neza.Igiciro cyongeye guhindagurika, kigabanuka mbere yo kuzamuka hanyuma kizamuka.Dufashe urugero rwa 62% by'amabuye y'agaciro yatumijwe mu mahanga, ku ya 27 Kanama, igiciro cyayo cyari 1.040 Yuan / toni;ku ya 24 Nzeri, yari 746 Yuan / toni.Mu Kwakira, ibiciro by'isoko ry'amabuye y'agaciro byazamutse mbere hanyuma bigabanuka.Ku ya 5 Ukwakira, igiciro cy’amabuye y’icyuma yatumijwe mu mahanga cyongeye kugera kuri 876 Yuan / toni, cyiyongera ku 130 / toni;ku ya 29 Ukwakira, yagabanutse igera kuri 806 Yuan / toni, igabanuka 70 / toni.

Mu Gushyingo, igiciro cy'isoko ry'icyuma nacyo cyaragabanutse mbere hanyuma kirazamuka, hamwe no kugabanuka kurenza izamuka.Ku ya 5 Ugushyingo, 62% by'amabuye y'agaciro yatumijwe mu mahanga yavuzwe ku mafaranga 697 / toni, agabanukaho amafaranga 109 / toni;ku ya 26 Ugushyingo, igitekerezo cyahagaritse kugwa no kongera kwiyongera, kizamuka kugera kuri 640 / toni, hejuru ya 74 / toni.Mu mpera z'Ugushyingo, igiciro cy'amabuye y'agaciro yatumijwe mu mahanga yagabanutseho 630 Yuan / toni ugereranije no mu mpera za Kanama.

Igiciro cyamasoko yicyuma mukuboza cyerekanye ko cyongeye kugaruka.Ku ya 2 Ukuboza, 62% by'amabuye y'agaciro yatumijwe mu mahanga yavuzwe kuri 666 Yuan / toni, hejuru ya 26 yu / toni;ku ya 10 Ukuboza, igiciro cyari 700 Yuan / toni, cyazamutseho 34ku ya 17 Ukuboza, igiciro cyari 755 Yuan / toni, hejuru ya 55 Yuan / toni.Mu cyumweru kuva ku ya 13 Ukuboza kugeza 17 Ukuboza, igiciro cy’ifu y’icyuma mu bice by’imbere mu gihugu muri rusange cyazamutseho 30-80 Yuan / toni.

Birashobora kugaragara uhereye ku giciro cyibiciro byisoko ryamabuye y'icyuma mugihembwe cya kane ko mu Kwakira na Ugushyingo, igiciro cyamasoko yicyuma cyari mumuyoboro wamanutse uhindagurika, kandi kugabanuka byari bikomeye kuruta kuzamuka.Nyamara, igiciro cyisoko ryamabuye yicyuma mukuboza cyahagaritse kugabanuka no kongera kwiyongera, kandi kwiyongera ntibyari bito, byongera kwinjira kumuyoboro uzamuka.Ni muri urwo rwego, abasesenguzi b’inganda bemeza ko: Icya mbere, biteganijwe ko umusaruro w’inganda ziteganijwe kuzasubukurwa n’ingufu z’ibanze n’izo ntandaro yo kuzamura ibiciro by’amabuye y'agaciro.Nk’uko imibare ibigaragaza, impuzandengo ya buri munsi y’ibyuma by’ingurube n’ingurube byakozwe n’amasosiyete y’abanyamuryango b’ishyirahamwe ry’Ubushinwa n’ibyuma by’Ubushinwa bitabiriye imibare mu ntangiriro zUkuboza yari toni miliyoni 1.9343 na toni miliyoni 1.6418, byiyongereyeho 12.66% na 0.59% ukwezi -ukwezi.Icya kabiri, byatewe no kuzamuka kwisoko ryigihe kizaza.Kuva mu mpera z'Ugushyingo, ibiciro by'amabuye y'agaciro by'icyuma byazamutse cyane, aho kwiyongera kwinshi kurenga 20%.Ingaruka zibi, igiciro cyisoko ryibicuruzwa byamabuye y'agaciro byakomeje kwiyongera.Icya gatatu ni ibihimbano.Mugihe gikenewe cyane, kubara cyane, no kuvuguruzanya gukomeye hagati yo gutanga nibisabwa, igiciro cyamabuye y'icyuma cyazamutse cyane nta nkunga, kandi ibihimbano ntibishobora kuvaho.

Ibiciro by'amabuye y'icyuma birashobora guhinduka mu ntangiriro za 2022

Abakora n'abashinzwe inganda muri rusange bemeza ko mu ntangiriro za 2022, uburyo bwo “gutanga amasoko akomeye no gukenera intege nke” ku isoko ry’amabuye y'icyuma bitazahinduka, ibyo bikaba byerekana ko igiciro cy’isoko ry’amabuye y'icyuma cyoroshye kugabanuka kandi bigoye kuzamuka. , kandi ihindagurika hepfo.Ikigo cy’ubushakashatsi cyagize kiti: “Biteganijwe ko ikigo cy’ibiciro by’amabuye y’icyuma kizagabanuka mu 2022.”

Muri icyo kiganiro, abashoramari n’abakozi bo mu nganda bavuze ko hari impamvu eshatu zituma “itangwa ryinshi n’ibikenewe bidakenewe” mu ntangiriro za 2022.

Ubwa mbere, biracyari mubihe byubushyuhe kuva Mutarama kugeza hagati muri Werurwe 2022, kandi inganda zicyuma nicyuma mukarere ka Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei no mubice bidukikije bizahindura umusaruro mugihe cyubushyuhe kuva 2021 kugeza 2022. Muri rusange, kuva Ku ya 1 Mutarama kugeza ku ya 15 Werurwe 2022, igipimo cy’umusaruro utari muto w’inganda n’ibyuma mu turere twose bireba ntushobora kuba munsi ya 30%.

Icya kabiri, mu ntangiriro za 2022, uruganda rukora ibyuma ruzakomeza kuba mu buryo bwo guhagarika imirimo, bizagira ingaruka ku irekurwa ry’ubushobozi bw’umusaruro.Nk’uko imibare ituzuye, kuri ubu, hari itanura riturika rigera kuri 220 ririmo gutunganywa mu nganda z’ibyuma by’igihugu, bigira ingaruka ku musaruro rusange wa buri munsi w’icyuma gishongeshejwe cya toni zigera kuri 663.700, iyi ikaba ari yo ntambwe yagize ingaruka ku musaruro w’icyuma ushonga cyane mu bihe byashize imyaka itatu.

Icya gatatu ni ugutezimbere imiterere yinganda zicyuma nicyuma no guteza imbere byimazeyo iterambere ryiza ryinganda zicyuma nicyuma.Muri gahunda yo gusimbuza ubushobozi, ibigo byibyuma byagabanije umusaruro wigihe kirekire cyo gukora ibyuma, kandi icyifuzo cyamabuye yicyuma cyakomeje kugabanuka.Hashingiwe kuri “carbone peaking” na “kutabogama kwa karubone”, “Gahunda ya Carbone Peaking Action mbere ya 2030 ″ yatanzwe n’inama y’igihugu isobanura ko izateza imbere imiterere y’inganda z’ibyuma, igateza imbere cyane kwerekana itanura ridaturika ibyuma byo gukora ibyuma, no gushyira mubikorwa itanura ryamashanyarazi yose.ubukorikori.Byongeye kandi, “Ibitekerezo bya Komite Nkuru y’ishyaka rya gikomunisiti ry’Ubushinwa n’inama y’igihugu ku bijyanye no gukaza umurego mu ntambara yo gukumira no kurwanya umwanda” irasaba ko hajyaho ihinduka ry’itanura ry’itanura rihindura ibyuma birebire bikozwe mu cyuma cy’amashanyarazi mu gihe gito. gukora ibyuma.

Birashobora kugaragara muri gahunda yo gusimbuza ubushobozi bwo gukora ibyuma biherutse gutangazwa ko ubushobozi bushya bwo gukora ibyuma bugera kuri toni miliyoni 30, muri zo ubushobozi bwo gukora ibyuma byo mu itanura ry’amashanyarazi burenga toni miliyoni 15, bingana na 50%, bivuze ko ibigo byinshi bihitamo inzira ngufi yo gukora ibyuma.Nta gushidikanya, kubaka gahunda yo kohereza imyuka ya karubone mu gihugu hose no gushyiraho gahunda y'ibikorwa bya “carbone peak” mu 2030 bizatanga ibisabwa kugira ngo inganda z'ibyuma n'ibyuma zikoreshe ibyuma bishaje ndetse n'amabuye y'icyuma make.Mu 2022, biteganijwe ko icyifuzo cy’amabuye y’icyuma n’inganda n’ibyuma kizongera gucika intege, kandi ntibishoboka ko igiciro cy’isoko ry’amabuye y'icyuma kizamuka cyane mu gihe cyakurikiyeho.

Mu gihe giciriritse kandi kirekire, "impanuka ya karubone" na "kutabogama kwa karubone" bizakomeza kuba ibintu bifitanye isano no kurekura ubushobozi bw’umusaruro mu nganda z’ibyuma, bizagira ingaruka zitaziguye ku bucukuzi bw’ibyuma.Muri make, ibintu bibi ku isoko ryamabuye y'icyuma ntabwo byacitse, kandi nta mpamvu yo gushyigikira izamuka ryayo rikabije ryibiciro.

Abahanga bagaragaje ko mu gihe giciriritse kandi kirekire, mu gihe nta mpinduka zigaragara zigaragara mu itangwa ry’ibikenerwa n’amabuye y’icyuma, nta shingiro ry’igiciro cy’amabuye y'icyuma yazamuka cyane.Igiciro cyibicuruzwa byamabuye y'icyuma birumvikana niba biri murwego rwa US $ 80 / toni kugeza US $ 100 / toni;niba irenze US $ 100 / toni, ibyingenzi nibisabwa ntibishyigikiwe;niba iguye munsi ya US $ 80 / toni, hashobora kuba hari ibindi.Ibirombe bihenze cyane bizava ku isoko, biringaniza isoko.

Icyakora, bamwe mu bari mu nganda bemeza ko mu guhanura imigendekere y’isoko ry’amabuye y’icyuma mu ntangiriro za 2022, ari ngombwa kandi kwita ku ngaruka z’imihindagurikire y’amavuta yatunganijwe, peteroli, isoko ry’amakara y’umuriro n’isoko ryoherezwa ku cyuma igiciro cy'isoko.Mu 2021, ku isi hose peteroli, gaze gasanzwe, peteroli itunganijwe, amakara, amashanyarazi n’andi masoko y’ingufu bizaba bikomeye, ibarura rizaba rito, kandi ibiciro muri rusange bizamuka cyane, aho impuzandengo y’umwaka ku mwaka yiyongera kuruta 30%.Ibiciro byo kohereza byose biri hejuru cyane.Ikinyuranyo mu bushobozi bwo gutwara abantu cyiyongereye, itangwa n’ibisabwa mu gutwara inyanja byabaye bibi, kandi ibiciro by’imizigo byiyongereye.Dukurikije imibare ifatika, mu 2021, igiciro cyo kohereza ibicuruzwa byumye ku isi (BDI) bizazamuka inzira yose, kandi bimaze kurenga amanota 5,600 mu Kwakira, byiyongereyeho inshuro eshatu ugereranije n’amanota agera ku 1400 mu ntangiriro za 2021, bikagera ku rwego rwo hejuru muri Imyaka 13.Muri 2022, biteganijwe ko igipimo cy’imizigo yo mu nyanja kizakomeza kuba hejuru cyangwa se kikaba cyiyongera.Ku ya 9 Ukuboza, Indangantego yumye ya Baltique (BDI) yafunze amanota 3,343, yazamutseho amanota 228 cyangwa 7.3% mu gihe kimwe.Ku ya 8 Ukuboza, icyerekezo cy’ibicuruzwa bitwara ibicuruzwa byo ku nkombe byafunzwe ku manota 1377.82.Kugeza ubu, ibiciro byo mu nyanja bikomeje kwiyongera, kandi biteganijwe ko igipimo cya BDI kizakomeza guhindagurika hejuru mu gihe gito.

Abasesenguzi b'inganda bemeza ko nibura mu ntangiriro za 2022, “ibura ry'ingufu” ku isi ritazakemuka burundu.Igiciro kinini cyo kohereza no kuzamuka kwibiciro byingufu zo mumahanga bizagira ingaruka runaka kubiciro byamasoko yicyuma.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Mutarama-08-2022