Ni izihe ngaruka amakimbirane y’Uburusiya na Ukraine agira ku isoko ry’ibyuma mu gihugu

Vuba aha, amakimbirane yiyongera hagati y’Uburusiya na Ukraine yateje ihungabana ku masoko y’imari ku isi ndetse n’isoko ry’ibicuruzwa, kandi amasoko menshi y’imigabane yagize igihombo kinini.Bitewe cyane n’uko amakimbirane hagati y’Uburusiya na Ukraine azahungabanya isoko mpuzamahanga ry’ibicuruzwa, imari shingiro yagiye mu bicuruzwa by’imari bifite umutekano, kandi imyumvire yo kugurisha igihe gito ku isoko ry’igihe kizaza yarazamutse, ibyo bikaba byaragize n'ingaruka runaka kuri isoko ryimbere yimbere.Nyuma yo kwisubiramo gato, habaye impamyabumenyi zitandukanye zo kongera kugabanuka.Icyakora, urebye uburemere bw’Uburusiya na Ukraine mu bucukuzi bw’amabuye y’amabuye n’ibyuma, umwanditsi yemeza ko amakimbirane hagati y’Uburusiya na Ukraine atoroshye guteza imbere amafaranga menshi y’umutungo uturuka mu gihugu cy’inganda z’ibyuma, ndetse n'ingaruka muri rusange ku isoko ryibyuma byimbere mu gihugu bigarukira.imvururu z'igihe gito.

Ku ruhande rumwe, amakuru yaturutse mu ishyirahamwe ry’icyuma n’ibyuma ku isi yerekana ko umusaruro w’amabuye y’icyuma u Burusiya na Ukraine mu 2020 uzaba toni miliyoni 111.026 na toni miliyoni 78.495, bingana na 4.75% na 3.36% by’isi, byombi ni gito.Kubera iyo mpamvu, amakimbirane hagati y’Uburusiya na Ukraine ntazatuma habaho ikibazo cyo kubura amabuye y'agaciro ku isi, ari nako bizatuma izamuka ry’ibiciro by’amabuye.Byongeye kandi, itangwa ry’amabuye y'icyuma mu gihugu cyanjye n'Uburusiya na Ukraine ni bike, bityo iherezo ry'ibikoresho fatizo by'isoko ry'ibyuma ntirizagira ingaruka cyane.

Ku rundi ruhande, muri rusange abantu bo mu mahanga bemeza ko bidashoboka ko amakimbirane y'Uburusiya na Ukraine azakomeza kwangirika.Kubwibyo, nkibishobora guturuka hanze, ingaruka zabyo ku isoko mpuzamahanga ryibicuruzwa n’isoko ry’imari ntirishobora guhungabana, kandi ingaruka zabyo zizagenda zinjira buhoro buhoro ku isoko.Ku isoko ryibyuma byimbere mu gihugu, nubwo amakimbirane yu Burusiya na Ukraine nkikintu gitunguranye bizatera ingaruka mbi ku isoko, ingaruka ku marangamutima zizakosorwa vuba nta mpinduka zifatika zishingiye ku isoko.

Byongeye kandi, ukurikije imibare y’ibicuruzwa biva mu Burusiya na Ukraine mu myaka 10 ishize, umusaruro w’ibyuma by’Uburusiya uhora wikubye inshuro 2 kugeza kuri 3 ugereranije n’igihugu cya Ukraine, naho ibyuma by’ibicuruzwa by’Uburusiya bikaba bihagaze neza, mu gihe ibicuruzwa biva muri Ukraine byerekana. kugabanuka kugaragara uko umwaka utashye.Mu 2021, Uburusiya butanga ibyuma bya peteroli bugera kuri toni miliyoni 76, naho ibyuma bya peteroli bya Ukraine bizagera kuri toni miliyoni 21.4.Kugeza ubu, kubera amakimbirane hagati y’Uburusiya na Ukraine, inganda nyinshi zo muri Ukraine zahagaritse umusaruro.Ubwiyongere bw'amakimbirane hagati y’Uburusiya na Ukraine bwadindije iterambere ry’inganda z’ibyuma zo muri Ukraine, kandi byazamuye ibiciro by’ibicuruzwa mpuzamahanga.Icyakora, nyuma y’amakimbirane, kongera kubaka ibikorwa remezo bya Ukraine bizafasha mu guteza imbere inganda z’ibyuma muri iki gihugu, bityo ibyifuzo by’ibyuma byiyongere.

Turashobora kuvuga ko amakimbirane y’Uburusiya na Ukraine adafite ingaruka ndende zo guhungabanya isoko ry’ibyuma byo mu gihugu, haba ukurikije uburemere bwarwo mu ruganda rukora ibyuma cyangwa gukomeza guhungabanya amarangamutima.Ariko, izamuka rikabije ry’ibiciro bya peteroli ku isoko mpuzamahanga byanze bikunze bizamura ibiciro by’ibikomoka kuri peteroli bitunganijwe mu gihugu, bishobora kugira ingaruka ku biciro by’ibikoresho byo mu gihugu ku rugero runaka, bisaba abitabiriye isoko kwitondera.

Kuri iki cyiciro, logique yo gutwara isoko ryimbere mu gihugu iracyari kuruhande rwa politiki no kuruhande rusabwa.Nk’impamvu yo guhungabanya umutekano, amakimbirane y’Uburusiya na Ukraine ni menshi "kuvuza ingoma" kandi ntabwo azagira ingaruka nyinshi ku cyerekezo cy’ibiciro by’imbere mu gihugu.Kugeza ubu, urwego rwa politiki rukomeje kongera igenzura ry’amabuye y'agaciro kugira ngo imikorere ihamye y’ibiciro by’amabuye.Muri icyo gihe, kuva ikiruhuko cy’ibiruhuko kirangiye, irekurwa ry’ibisabwa ku isoko ntiryabaye ryiza nkuko byari byitezwe, ibyo bikaba byaratumye ibintu byifashe muri iki gihe aho ibiciro by’ibyuma bidindira.Mugihe cyakurikiyeho, mugihe igenzura rya politiki ritarekuwe, biragoye ko igiciro cyibikoresho fatizo kizamuka cyane, kandi ntibishoboka ko urubuga rwibiciro byibyuma ruzamuka cyane.Muri ibi bihe, isoko ryibyuma rizagenwa cyane cyane nubwiza bwibisabwa "zahabu eshatu feza enye".Muburyo bwo gukomeza gusana ibyifuzo, ntibibujijwe ko ibiciro byibyuma bishobora kugira icyerekezo cyo kuzamuka.Icyakora, urebye ko ibintu byifashe mu Burusiya na Ukraine bitarasobanuka neza, ingaruka za geopolitiki zo hanze ziracyahari, kandi amategeko agenga politiki y’imbere mu gihugu aracyahari, ibiciro by’ibyuma ntibifite ibyangombwa byo kuzamuka mu buryo bumwe mu gihe gito, kandi bizakomeza kubaho yiganjemo guhungabana no guhindagurika.

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Igihe cyo kohereza: Werurwe-05-2022